All you need to know about Patwari!

Date: 12-January,2021Last Updated: 28-June,2021
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A Brief Introduction to the Patwari System.

What is Patwari?

Patwari essentially means a person who is a village accountant who maintains all records of land ownership and related details. Patwari system has been in existence in the Indian subcontinent since the year 1814.

The primary duty of Patwari was to keep records of the crops grown at each harvest, maintaining records of rights up to date by the particular record of modifications.

Also, manage the account of the preparation of statistical gains that integrates the information derived from the harvest reviews, register of variation, and account of rights. However, the role of Patwari has changed with time.

What is meant by Patwari in modern times?

Patwari is a governmental administrative position seen in rural parts of India. A Patwari is an individual operating in collaboration with the local authorities. The Patwari is responsible for managing the property ownership records for a particular area.

Patwari also manages the record of property tax accumulation. The position of a Patwari is at the tehsil level or sub-division.

The primary duties of a Patwari also include visiting agrarian lands and managing the records of ownership and the state of agricultural practices.

The role of a Patwari is as follows:

  • A Patwari has to maintain the record of the crops grown at every harvest on all the land under their authority.
  • Planning and preparing demographical and statistical information about the specific harvest, variation, and archives of rights.
  • In addition, a Patwari always updates the records of rights and any mutations.
  • Patwari reports to the Executive Magistrate of the tehsil or the tehsildar.
  • Amongst all the administration, the positions related to land and the tehsil the Patwari or Talati or Patnaik have the closest connection with the village people since they work as an intermediator.
  • Girdawary is the record of land cultivation that comes under the Land Record System in India. It records the different types of crops grown and ownership over the crops. Patwari collects the required information for this system as well.

The different terms for Patwari.

Patwari is known by different terms in different parts of the Indian subcontinent. At the same time, the term Patwari or Patwar is mostly prevalent in Northern and Central India.

The terms Patwari and Karnam are used in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In Tamil Village communities, the term used to be called Kanakku Pillai. In Karnataka, it is called the Talati. Other terms include Adhikari, Karnam, Patel, and Patnaik.

How to become a Patwari?

There are two designations in the Patwari system: Revenue Patwari and Consolidation Patwari. You can become a Patwari if you fulfill the following criteria:

  • The applicant should be a minimum of 18 years of age and a maximum of 40 years old.
  • The applicant should have completed a bachelor's degree in any discipline.
  • The applicant must have CPCT, i.e., Computer Proficiency Certification Test scorecard, including proficiency in essential computer operation and Hindi typing.
  • The applicants have to attend a written examination, and an interview as the selection and appointment for the post of Patwari is based on marks secured in the written examination and the interview.
  • The eligible candidates will have to undergo training before the final appointment, following which they will be posted as the Patwari.

History of Patwari.

The word Patwari or Patwari is derived from the Sanskrit word that means to fulfill a vow or to fix something.

The Patwari System was introduced in India during the time of Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri Empire. It was further given more importance and formalized by Emperor Akbar. Following that, the British Raj made numerous amendments but retained the system.

In the earliest system of Patwar, the duties of a Patwar included maintaining village records, monitoring daily activities, and accumulating data about people, including the village elites.

The Patwari was supposed to reside anywhere within the villages and was supposed to visit each village every month to listen to people's needs.

The Patwari then reports these requirements to the sub-divisional office. In addition, the Patwari was also required to provide each landholder an account that showed the landholder's dues. The Patwari also helped in collecting data related to the census.

So we hope that we cleared all the doubts regarding Patwari

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