Simple Tips for Waste management in Home


Date: 29-August,2020Last Updated: 27-February,2021

Today, we have come up with a subject to address the pressing question of waste management – the “Tips for Waste management in home!

The world today demands to listen to the ‘3 R’ principle more than anything. Reduce- Reuse- Recycle. One of the prime reasons why we thought today we would discuss the validity of segregation of waste at home along with wet and bio-waste management.

Now, what exactly constitutes the “waste”? Household wastes mainly contain – food, paper, broken artifacts, bottles and cans, polythene covers, and the like which fits into categories of bio and non-biodegradable wastes equally!

The Government of India has brought up ideologies like the ban of single-use plastics worldwide, the campaign which is hoping to reduce plastics by 2022.

So, to contribute to solid residential waste management at our respective houses/apartments/villas, what is the little something towards which we can direct our efforts? Come, let’s have a look!

Listed below are some salient points for waste management in home!

segregation of waste at home

1. Waste Segregation

  • The most important and initial process is to separate physically the wastes, which are bio-degradable and otherwise. It can include the classification of wet and dry waste in separate.

  • You can keep distinct buckets at home, say one of green, which can house all the decomposable and the other red, making room for all other types of waste that are non-decomposable say like cans and plastics. This is one of the best ways for waste management in home.

  • Also, you can further classify the non-degradable by isolating plastics into another bucket altogether.

  • This step helps in the easy processing of wastes in further steps.

  • This waste management in home technique holds beneficial, be it for independent houses/apartments or villas

wet waste management at home

2. Waste Processing

The wet wastes, which include food leftovers, vegetable peels, and other organic green wastes, can be used for composting. In contrast, the non-biodegradable wastes can make into municipal solid dumps with the help of a corporation/municipal solid waste collection team.

Composting

The ‘biowaste management at home’ can be practiced by the method of composting. This can be put into action using different methods like:

Pit Composting

If there is little space available within your house compound, you can hands-on put trust in this technique. That is the main reason why pit composting is gaining significance in the context of independent houses.

On how to proceed:

  • Find a suitable spot, preferably 1.5 to 2 meters in width and 1 m in depth. In alternate layers of fertilizer (organically like cow dung), vegetable wastes, and soil, you can make the setup.

  • Water the contents and leave it in your backyard, and the compost pit will do the work on its own! You can use a shovel and mix the layers weekly once or twice to ensure sufficient aeration.

  • Now how do you know that the compost is ready to be used as manure? That’s when the contents turn brown within a span of about 60 days!

Now, what method of composting can you follow within a bare minimum of space? This one is for cases like apartments where there is little or no ground availability for pit composting!

bio waste management at home

3. Container Composting

  • In an Urban environment, this comes handy, where you can perform the steps of composting within simple containers. These are available in the market in the name of ‘compost bins’ in varied designs.

  • These bins usually come with attached handles for easy mixing of contents, which is wet vegetable wastes in particular. Also, there are other types of bins where there is a requirement of manual mixing and water addition.

  • These types of composts can only be carried out batch-wise and generally takes about 1 month to get ready.

Why composting?

Other than being an organic fertilizer in itself, a compost helps improve the soil properties like it’s water holding capacity. These days with more land pollution and ultimate deterioration of soil, why not choose to provide more humus-rich strata when you can by following the simple steps mentioned above!?

Municipal Solid waste management

  • The non-biodegradable wastes are recycled based on the innate properties of the solid wastes and the non-recyclables dumped in landfills by the corporation/municipal solid waste management authorities.

  • There are in general collection points/centers and also separate waste bucket provisions to collect such type of wastes and process the same to aid the waste management in apartments, overlooked by the relevant authorities.

  • The ‘3 R’ concept – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle can again work magic to minimize the hurdles associated with non-biodegradable wastes if you practice it well!

Waste Utilization

  • The compost that is made is generally rich in nutrients and can make the soil rich. This compost, in most cases, is used as manure for organic farming practices.

  • Municipal solid waste management, on the other hand, caters to the objective of filthy littering of lanes and roads, preventing the clogging and choking of drains, which is, in fact, a major trouble causer in cities.

Apart from all that is being said, there are some other things related to waste management in home that need our address.

Some of the best choices you can make include:

1. Prefer cloth bags to plastic bags whenever you go out of your house to purchase necessities. One simple step that we are being reminded every now and then and yet fail to follow!

2. Recycle the goods in your house in whatever possible way. This need not be a project of mammoth size. You can begin small, but well! For example, recycling bottles to pen holders!

Since every new transaction has turned electronically and things have shifted to the digital medium favorably, these days, we are witnessing a reduction in paper wastes. However, one cannot take things for granted and should work with the goal of reducing the same to whatever extent possible! Talking about the digitalization of things, the whole dynamics of e-waste processing has, in turn, brought forth serious hindrances.

Quoting Stephen Nachmanovitch, “With too little judgment, we get the trash. With too much judgment, we get a blockage.” So, with the right ounce of judgment, let us all begin today to act wisely and manage the wastes that we have generated generously!

So, that was about a few “tips for waste management in home”! Hope you found the article fruitful!

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