A Sneak Peek into the 14 Famous Indian National Parks


Date: 3-February,2022Last Updated: 23-September,2022
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Missing the Jungle Treks amidst the Pandemic?

Yes, us too.

Remember the long walks and safaris among the Wildlife Sanctuaries or our nostalgic school tours to the National Parks in India.

Yeah, Call of the Wild can be extremely tempting.

We know it's been quite a while since we've written anything apart from real estate, so let's explore the top Indian national parks.

But before that,

What is a National park?

A particular natural environment or habitat of a specific set of flora (plants) and Fauna (animals) conserved by the Government is called a National Park.

But before we explore this list, do understand that there are considerable differences between a wildlife sanctuary and National Park.

According to the regulations, National Parks are heavily protected from human intervention, especially commercial or industrial activities, as they are the ecological habitat, also often require special permissions to access, unlike wildlife sanctuaries.

So which are the

14 Main National Parks in India?

  1. Jim Corbett National Park

  2. Hemis National Park

  3. Keibul Lamjao National Park

  4. Gir National Park

  5. Kaziringa National Park

  6. Sunderbans National Park

  7. Periyar National Park

  8. Bandipur National Park

  9. Great Himalayan National Park

  10. Bannerghatta National Park

  11. Desert National Park

  12. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

  13. Ranthambore National Park

  14. Valley of Flowers National Park

Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park is the first and oldest National Park in India. Previously named after William Malcolm Hailey during the era of the British Raj, it was later named after Jim Corbett, who played a great role in establishing the same. The park is situated in Nainital, Uttarakhand.

It is famous for being the habitat of the Royal Bengal Tigers and was one of the first to come under Project Tiger. It is home to various species of flora like Sal, Peepal, etc., and Fauna like monitor lizards, Indian Elephants, black bears, leopards, crescent serpent eagle, to mention a few.

Hemis National Park

Hemis National Park is known as the largest national park in India and is a high-altitude national park. The park is situated in Ladakh and is home to the famous snow leopards. The only national park north of the great Himalayas is also home to an amazing variety of plants species and animals like Tibetan wold, red fox, Eurasian brown bear, Himalayan Marmot, black winged snow finch, golden eagle, and firs.

Keibul Lamjao National Park

Located in Manipur, Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating park in the world. The park is home to the endangered Eld's Deer and is a swamp kind of region characterized by "phumdis," a floating decomposed biomass of plants. It also hosts other animals such as the Indian boar, large Indian civet, sambar deers, flying fox, Indian beauty rat snake, python, hooded crane, water hen, etc.

Gir National Park

Home of the proud Asiatic Lions, Gir National park in Gujarat is one of the most famous national parks in India. Though generally dry scrubland, the wildlife habitat also hosts a myriad of other animals such as striped hyenas, mugger crocodile, Indian leopard, Indian eagle owl, changeable hawk eagle, nilgai, and chinkaras.

Kaziringa National Park

Situated in Assam, the Kaziranga National Park is one of the reputed National Parks in India and a popular wildlife habitat famous for the Indian Rhinos. It is a World Heritage Site and houses two thirds of the one horned rhinos of Asia. It is also home to Indian elephants, wild water buffaloes, and swamp deer. Kaziranga National Park has mixed vegetation consisting of marshlands, regions filled with elephant grass, as well as water bodies.

Sunderbans National Park

Sunderbans National Park is famous for two things, the Bengal Tigers and Mangrove Forests. The region is a biosphere, national park, and tiger reserve rolled into one. Located in West Bengal, close to Bangladesh, the lush greens and mangroves have always been a favourite among tourists.

Periyar National Park

Located across the Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala, Periyar National Park is one of the top rated National Parks in India. The Periyar Tiger Reserve is one of the most visited parks by the populace. The region is a blend of lakes and the misty mountains of the Western Ghats, especially the Cardamomhills and Pandalam Hills.

Periyar boat cruises or boat safaris are very famous, and the major animals found in the park are elephants, Bengal and white tigers, Nilgiri langurs, sloth bears, flying squirrels, and various species of butterflies.

Bandipur National Park

Bandipur National Park in Karnataka and is a host to an amazing population of wildlife like Bengal Tigers, Tuskers, spectacled Cobras, flying lizards, agamids, kingfishers, etc. A famous tourist spot in South India, it is also part of Project Tiger.

Great Himalayan National Park

GHNP, as it is popularly known, is in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. GHNP is situated within the junction of two of the world's ecozones, the Palearctic zone, and Indomalayan zone, and is known for the alpine meadows and dozens of special pines and spruce species. The major animal species are snow leopards, blue sheep, Himalayan brown bear, tahr, and musk deer.

Bannerghatta National Park

Near the Tech Capital of India, Bangalore, Bannerghatta National Park is a famous tourist space as well as reputed eco habitats that house a rich collection of flora and Fauna. The major animals found in Bannerghatta National Park are Royal Bengal Tigers, Foxes, Sloth Bear, Langurs, blackbuck, barking deer, nilgai, kraits, loris, flamingoes, Indian wolves, etc. The plant species are as follows, Sandalwood, Neem, Eucalyptus, Terminalia elliptica, etc.

Desert National Park

The Desert National Park is one of the most diverse ecological biospheres of our nation and also can be considered one of our country's most proud eco heritage. Situated in Rajasthan, the National park is eponymous with the Thar Desert and the various flora and fauna of the region, including Dhok, ber, ronj, palm trees, and various subspecies of cacti. The Fauna mostly consists of Chinkara, Desert fox, Wolves, desert cats, and various bird types such as honey buzzards, Indian vultures, buzzards, falcons, and cranes.

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

Part of the Andaman Islands, the Marine National Park houses a varied ecosystem of marine, avian, reptile, and amphibian species. It is also one of the breeding regions of turtles and is a haven for aquatic animals, including dugongs, beach thick-knee birds, crab species, and fishes like mudskippers, humphead parrotfishes, etc.

Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park at Rajasthan is yet another major National Park in India. The ecosystem consists of green grasslands and dry deciduous thickets that house various plant and tree species as well as over 539 flowering plants species. Padam Talao is the largest lake in the area, and it is home to some of the major wild cats of India, including the Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopards, Wild Cats, as well as creatures such as dhole, Indian Wolf, caracal, sloth bears, etc.

Valley of Flowers National Park

The Serene Valley of Flowers National Park is an ethereal experience in itself. As the name suggests, home to hundreds of flower species and also hosts many endangered animals such as Asiatic Black Bear, Snow Leopards, Blue Sheep as well as high altitude bird species. Located in Chamoli, Uttarakhand, the National Park is also enclosed in Nanda Devi Biosphere. It is also near Pushpavathy river Valley.

FAQ

What is the difference between a Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park?

Wildlife Sanctuaries are government-protected ecological habitats of endangered or region-specific flora and fauna whereas National Parks are heavily guarded area of land which is completely protected from poaching, industrialization, exploitation, and pollution.

How many National Parks are there in India?

There are over 104 National Parks in India.

How many Wildlife Sanctuaries are there in India?

There are over 551 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India.

What is ICUN?

ICUN is the shorthand of the International Union for Conservation of Nature which is a worldwide organization that as the name suggests, aids and regulates in nature conservation and sustainable usage of resources.

So, folks, these are some of the major National Parks in India.

Do share your thoughts in the comments section below.

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