Modern Homes vs Ancient Homes: Top 7 Details you've Overlooked

Date: 25-March,2021Last Updated: 26-September,2022
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Modernization has grasped the world in its arms like an octopus. Everything is revamping as per the latest trends – technology, fashion, utilities – and homes are no exception. Traditional homes which cover signature historic Colonial and Victorian styles are slowly heading back, making way for modern architecture.

Contemporary architecture that has a statement of its own with a neat design may have taken roots of ideas from ancient architecture. But they are not just the fruit of revisiting and renovating an ancient building strategy. Modern houses are a sum total of detailed planning, design, and execution and resonate individual personalities of their inhabitants sensibly.

So, what are the major differences between modern houses and ancient homes? How is the incorporation of techniques like Vastu Shastra influencing the build of smart homes? Let us try finding answers to these questions today!

1) Simplicity over complexity

  • The ancient architecture of the 19th and 20th centuries has its base set on elegant and voluminous designs, while modern houses rely on maximizing utility while minimizing cost. This principle reflects even on its execution down right to the last detail.

  • Also, to mention the footprint and plan – traditional, ancient architecture integrates many single units to form a mammoth of a structure!

  • Ancient architecture is found keen to veil its features with embellishments and over-elaborations. Modern architecture, on the other hand, gives attention to form a structure showing off its sharp features. Quoting Da Vinci, "Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication!".

2) Changes in execution

  • Ancient architecture had its handwork done beautifully by local artisans. While modern homes rely on skill and flair when it comes to architecture.

  • With the rapid advancement in building technology, modern architecture and build began incorporating core principles like effective planning, scheduling, and management.

  • This indeed has helped a greater detail in optimization of the project, checking of material quality and design – thus paving the way for a well-put building form.

3) Differences in elements

  • From upholstery to drapery, there are various notable differences that we can notice while comparing modern vs. ancient homes. Storage is a vital point of emphasis when it comes to modern homes.

  • While traditional homes stress ornamental pieces and elaborate interiors as well as artworks, modern homes care more for minimalistic designs with maximum profitability.

  • Taking the case of compact kitchen counters in modern houses which are chic at the same time, having more area for storage. And floors which are lighter in hue, which makes room for more light that enhances the space, all the while making it appear bigger!

3) Form and figure

  • Lack of land is an important issue that the modern era faces. Back then, there was enough room for buildings to sprawl out. Now, vertical construction is gaining more momentum in comparison to horizontal.And also the construction techniques like MIVAN, RCC, and even 3D Printing is greatlyinfluencing the forms.

  • Modern architecture is more experimental and is willing to deviate from traditional, customary norms while it comes to design.

  • Investment is a core aspect that rules any field, and similar is with architecture. Rapid advancements in modern times have brought forth more options. Back then, larger investments were made only for monumental buildings. Now scenes are changing, and today, more efforts and money are put on even commercial buildings globally.

4) Alternatives in materials

  • While ancient architecture had limited options to choose from materials, modern architecture has a goldmine of options! For instance, Terra Cota Bricks of ancient times have been easily replaced by concrete blocks and plastering by the usage of gypsum boards.

  • Not just the materials but the technique of their incorporation has also undergone a huge transformation. For example, highly efficient hydraulic compacted rammed earth has replaced conventional rammed earth usage in swift.

  • Also, in the new era, the industry has become very specific, and professionals know what they exactly require rather than making do with whatever limited options coming in the way! As Alvar Aalto, the famous Finnish architect, says, "Modern architecture does not mean the use of immature new materials; the main thing is to refine materials in a more human direction."

5) Revolutionizing the factor of convinence

  • In contrast to old homes, present-day smart-homes make use of technology in the making things better, ensuring convenience at the prime-most.

  • Home automation has revolutionized the industry with the power to control attributes like light and temperature with an active internet connection.

  • An automated smart home can also incorporate features like air quality control, voice control, and enhanced home security.

6) The system of vastu shastra

  • The spatial geometry, arrangement, orientation, layout, measurement, and scaling – the whole scope of architectural execution is covered in the traditional, ancient system of Vastu Shastra.

  • The guidelines under this system were verbally followed in the execution of projects back then. Now the complete scope of Vastu Shastra itself has turned out to a course of study and is religiously put to use in architecture.

  • Modern architecture designs and builds abiding by the core principles of Vastu – as in the position and placement of different elements as well as rooms in buildings.

Even though there exist huge disparities between aesthetic theories and methods of design between ancient architecture and modern architecture, there is indeed a degree of similarity. Say, in the case of bringing harmony in proportions and scale co-ordinations in architecture. The material availability also has an influence on aesthetic treatment when we consider both eras.

Modern architecture has many scopes and can work wearing different hats in various domains – Say with Multi-utilitarian designs, contemporary energy, and cost-efficient designs, and eco-friendly and environmental-conscious architecture.

Also, certain aspects are purposefully removed in modern architecture in comparison to the ancient form because they are no longer serving the purpose of today. That said, many additions are also incorporated in architecture in recent times to accommodate the needs of the day. One example is multi-purpose buildings which have both commercial and residential features.

We hope you enjoyed and found the article useful!

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