A modern household is incomplete without furniture. This accessory has evolved with times to become a functional object that also beautifies a home.
In olden times, carpenters built furniture using different types of wood without processing or alterations. Solid wood is still preferred for furniture in India, because of its endurance and high artistic value which are a few advantages of wood. There are two types of wood- Hardwood and softwood based on the density and strength.
Are you aware about the different types of wood for furniture that will make sturdy and beautiful pieces? Are you aware of the difference between the kind of wood that should be used for making doors and furniture? If not, then this guide will help you to make the right choice between different types of wood before investing in furniture and decorative objects
1) Teak Wood
Teak wood is fire resistant and durable. It looks attractive after polishing and will not get affected by white ants and dry rots. It does not shrink much and would not corrode metal fastenings. It is one of the most common types of wood and is for superior use only. It is found in central and southern India.
Furniture made out of teak wood has an attractive looking straight grain pattern. It is smooth to touch and has a rich brown colour after polishing in comparison to furniture made out of plywood or particle boards.
Teak wood furniture can last for up to many years, some have not perished for as long as 100 years. In addition, teak wood doesn't get damaged while shifting places because of water.
Resitant to rot and decay
Furniture made of teak wood is durable and does not rot because of it's high density. Good wood furniture should stay in proper shape for a long time.
Teak's high tensile strength and tight grain make it weather resistant and durable. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boats. It is also used in indoor finishings, indoor flooring and for making counter tops.
2) Rose Wood
It is also popularly called as 'Sheesham' or 'Indian Rosewood'.
Rose wood is tough and close grained. It maintains its shape and is available in large sizes which can be used to make ornamental carvings and to create cabinets.It is found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Orissa.
Hard and Tough
They have high crushing and bending strengths offering good stability to the furniture carved out of it.
Attractive Wood Grain
The beautiful grain appearance has led to the creation of many musical instruments and decorative items.
Furniture and cabinets are often constructed out of hardwood like Rose wood. Many mathematical instruments such as rulers and musical instruments such as violins are carved out or rosewood because of its beautiful outward appearance.
Rosewood is used in making kitchen and bedroom cabinets, dining sets, musical instruments and carvings because of its sturdiness and beauty.
3) Satin Wood
It is robust and durable. It's high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India.
Advantages of Satinwood
Easy to care for
Satinwood gives flawless finish which hides minor imperfections. It is a good choice for laying floors as it will not need everyday cleaning. As opposed to other types of wood, this is mainly used to make flooring.
It asks for regular polishing but does not need daily maintenance. The polished surfaces stay beautiful for a long time.
It is durable and gives a desired look or finish with a polish of choice.
Satinwood is used to manufacture decorative pieces and furniture.
4) Sal wood
It is primarily found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. The tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring.
Advantages of Sal wood
It is the most durable type of timber making it a popular choice for constructing furniture, wooden beams and wooden frames.
Immune to Decay
It is resistant to the attack of fungus, white ants and insects.
It's strength makes it an ideal choice for providing strength and support.
Sal wood is used to make doors, piles and wooden frames. It is also useful in making small pieces of furniture.
It is called 'Shisham' or 'Tali'. It is durable and can be easily seasoned. It takes up rich polish. It is found in Bengal, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa.
Advantages of Sisoo wood
Sisoo is strong and durable.
It takes up polish very well therefore giving a good sheen to the furniture and flooring.
Furniture or flooring made of Sisoo look attractive, thus making it a valuable investment for your home.
It can be shaped well to make decorative pieces of furniture. It is used to make railway sleepers and sports goods as well.
6) Marandi or White Cedar
It is resistant to decay and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mostly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood.
Advantages of Marandi wood
It is impervious to termites, decay and insects.
It is light, soft and uniform in texture.
It requires less maintenance and its aesthetic appeal is high.
Marandi wood is used to create wooden accessories like shoe racks, chests, drawers, trunks and other decorative items.
It stays durable under water and takes up a deep colour after polishing. It is found in Bengal, Assam and Kerala.
Advantages of Mahogany
Its pores absorb paint so well that it gives an elegant glossy finish that makes it a perfect choice for making furniture.
It doesn't decay under water.
It is the finest wood therefore can be sculpted easily.
Mahogany is used to make cabinets, furniture and patterns in decorative pieces of art.
It gives a neat finish and can be carved easily to make floors and ornate pieces of furniture and decoration.
It is tough and elastic.
It makes attractive pieces of furniture because of its aesthetic appeal. It's colour range is broad in comparison to other types of wood, which can be used to give a desirable finish.
Can be easily carved
It can be easily worked with and makes ornate pieces of furniture and functional objects like drawers and cabinets.
Mulberry can be used to make small pieces of furniture, turned objects and fence posts.
As a building material it is sturdy, rot-resistant, close-grained and can take up deep polish to give a good finish. It is found in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.
It is long-lasting and sturdy and a fine wood.
Deodar is immune to decay by water and insects, giving it a long shelf life.
Takes High Polish
It absorbs colour in varying degrees which makes it useful in making ornate objects and furniture.
In olden times, it was used to construct religious temples and landscaping. It is used to make railway carriages, railway sleepers, packing boxes and furniture.
It is compact, finely grained and easy to work with. It is found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
Advantages of Jackwood
It is even grained which gives it a good finish.
Easy to work with
It can be easily carved and designed to create furniture and other articles.
The beauty of the wood makes it a popular choice for making musical instruments and aesthetically appealing objects.
Jackwood is used to make furniture, door panels, cabinets and musical instruments.
Various synthetic alternatives are available nowadays to make furniture but Indian households still prefer solid wood furniture because of their durability and repairability. These advantages of wood make it a popular choice over man made alternatives of wood. Since Indians prefer furniture and decorative objects with intricate carvings, wood is a preferred and certain types of wood like Teak are popular choices.